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DWD climate data for Germany

Access

RESTRICTED only accessable in ZMAW network or via CliSAP login What does that mean?

Data access via file system: /data/icdc/atmosphere/dwd_stations

 

Description

The German weather service "Deutscher Wetterdienst" (DWD) provides climate data of more than 70 observational stations  in Germany from the monitoring network with free access. The DWD provides daily and monthly values ​​of temperature, precipitation sum, sunshine duration, wind speed, humidity, air pressure and cloud cover, which are updated daily. In addition, the DWD also presents the following data: long-term average values ​​for the period 1961-1990 at all observational stations, time series of field  for regional means of temperature, precipitation and sunshine duration for the German federal states, mean phenological seasons, and daily objective weather classifications since 1979.

We offer here the free daily station data ​​of the German Weather Service, visualized in the LAS server, that are updated at irregular intervals of about a month. For visualization, only the units are converted. The geographical coordinates of the current location will be used, even if the station moved over time. The data were measured at the station's height and were not corrected to sea level and not homogenized by ICDC. Such data can be ordered at the DWD via the data service.

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Parameters

Name Unit Information
Daily mean of air temperature, 2 m above ground (TMK) °C Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 dailyfrom hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily minimum of air temperature, 2 m above ground (TNK) °C Measurement: until 3/2001 daily (21:30 CET of previous day - 21:30 CET), since 4/2001 daily (00h - 24h standard time, or UTC at main official stations)
Daily maximum of air temperature, 2 m above ground (TXK) °C Measurement: until 3/2001 daily (21:30 CET d. Vortages - 21:30 CET), since 4/2001 daily (00h - 24h standard time, or UTC at main official stations)
Station height above ground m d
Daily mean air pressure at station height (PM) | hPa | Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 daily from hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily mean vapour pressure (VPM) | hPa | Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 daily from hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily mean relative humidity(UPM) | % | Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 daily from hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily mean wind force (FMK) | Bft | Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 daily from hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily mean cloud amount (NM) | 1/8 | Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 daily from hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily sum of sunshine duration (SD) | hours | Calculation: until 3/2001 daily with 3 fixed term values, since 4/2001 daily from hourly data (>21 values) or main terms at 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC
Daily precipitation height (RS) | mm | sum of precipitation measured: until 3/2001 between 7:30 - 7:30 CET of next day, since 4/2001 between 6:50 - 06:50 CET of next day
Kind of precipitation (RKF) | Numbers: 0 = no precipitation, 1 = rain (data older than 1979), 4 = precipitation, form unknown, 6 = rain, 7 = snow, 8 = rain and snow, 9 = missing value | Calculation: Until 3/2001 fixed term values at 21:30 - 7:30, 7:30 - 14:30 and 14:30 - 21:30 CET, since 4/2001 fixed term values at 18:50 - 06:50, 06:50 - 12:50 und 12:50 -18:50 CET
Daily snow depth (SH) | cm | snow depth and snow cover: until 3/2001 at 7:30 CET since 7:30 CET of previous day, since 4/2001 at 06:50 CET since 06:50 CET of previous day
Kind of snow cover (SA) | Numbers: 0 = no snow, 1 = completely covered, 2 = remains (R), snow cover < 10% and > 0% and no snow height, 3 = broken (D), snow cover < 100% and >= 50%, 4 = patches (F), snow cover < 50% and >= 10%, 9 = missing value | see daily snow depth
Daily maximum wind speed (peak) (FX) | m/s | Measurement: daily (00h - 24h standard time, or UTC at main official stations)
Daily water equivalent of total snow cover (WASH) | mm | The water equivalent is the height of water column of melted snow, measured: until 3/2001 at 7:30 CET, since 4/2001 at 06:50 CET
Data quality (QN) | Numbers: 0 - 9 | see table at section quality of data

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Coverage, spatial and temporal resolution

Current position and time period for stations:
Name of Station Station Height (m) Latitude Longitude Period of measurements
Aachen 202 N 50° 47' E 06° 05' 1891 - today
Augsburg 462 N 48° 25' E 10° 56' 1947 - today
Bamberg 239 N 49° 52' E 10° 54' 1949 - today
Berlin-Dahlem 51 52.45° 13.31° 1950 - today
Berlin-Tegel 36 52° 33 13° 18 1963 - today
Berlin-Tempelhof 49 N 52° 28' E 13° 24' 1948 - today
Bremen 5 N 53° 02' E 08° 47' 1890 - today
Brocken 1142 N 51° 48' E 10° 37' 1947 - today
Dresden-Klotzsche 227 N 51° 07' E 13° 45' 1967 - today
Düsseldorf 37 N 51° 17' E 06° 46' 1969 - today
Emden 0 N 53° 23' E 07° 14' 1997 - today
Erfurt-Bindersleben 316 N 50° 59' E 10° 57' 1951 - today
Fehmarn 3 N 54° 31' E 11° 03' 1948 - today
Fichtelberg 1213 N 50° 25' E 12° 57' 1947 - today
Frankfurt/M-Flughafen 112 N 50° 02' E 08° 35' 1949 - today
Fritzlar 174 N 51° 07' E 09° 17' 2000 - today
Görlitz 238 N 51° 09' E 14° 57' 1947 - today
Greifswald 2 N 54° 05' E 13° 24' 1947 - today
Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel 11 N 53° 38' E 09° 59' 1891 - today
Hannover 59 N 52° 27' E 09° 40' 1936 - today
Helgoland 4 N 54° 01' E 07° 53' 1952 - today
Hof 567 N 50° 18' E 11° 52' 1947 - today
Hohenpeißenberg 977 N 47° 48' E 11° 00' 1781 - today
Kahler Asten 839 N 51° 11' E 08° 29' 1955 - today
Karlsruhe 112 N 49° 02' E 08° 21' 1876 - 2008
Kempten 705 N 47° 43' E 10° 20' 1952 - today
Konstanz 443 N 47° 40' E 09° 11' 1972 - today
Leipzig/Halle 131 N 51° 26' E 12° 14' 1972 - today
Lindenberg 112 N 52° 12' E 14° 07' 1947 - today
List/Sylt 26 N 55° 00' E 08° 24' 1937 - today
Magdeburg 76 N 52° 06' E 11° 35' 1947 - today
Meiningen 450 N 50° 33' E 10° 22' 1979 - today
München-Flughafen 444 N 48° 22' E 11° 49' 1992 - today
Münster/Osnabrück 48 N 52° 08' E 07° 42' 1989 - today
Neuruppin 38 N 52° 54' E 12° 48' 1961 - today
Nürburg-Barweiler 485 N 50° 22' E 06° 52' 1995 - today
Nürnberg 314 N 49° 30' E 11° 03' 1955 - today
Potsdam 81 N 52° 23' E 13° 03' 1893 - today
Rheinstetten 116 N 48° 58' E 8° 20' 1948 - today
Rostock-Warnemünde 4 N 54° 01' E 12° 04' 1947 - today
Saarbrücken/Ensheim 320 N 49° 12' E 07° 06' 1951 - today
Schleswig 47 N 54° 31' E 09° 32' 1947 - today
Schwerin 59 N 53° 38' E 11° 23' 1890 - today
Straubing 351 N 48° 49' E 12° 33' 1951 - today
Stuttgart/Echterdingen 371 N 48° 41' E 09° 13' 1953 - today
Trier-Petrisberg 265 N 49° 44' E 06° 39' 1937 - today
Würzburg 268 N 49° 46' E 09° 57' 1901 - today
Zugspitze 2960 N 47° 25' E 10° 59' 1900 - today

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Data quality

The data are quality checked by the DWD. Current data have not passed the routine quality checks. These data have no version number, therefore data can change due to corrections. Contact the DWD for more information about data quality.

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Quality niveau of parameters

Quality-Code Meaning for ground data
0 not quality controlled
1 correct (peer-reviewed)
2 checked and corrected (automatically or manually)
3 confirmed (checked with claim)
4 filled in or calculated (missing in original data)
5 rejected (not yet corrected or confirmed)
6 technically correct (not peer-reviewed)
7 technically wrong
8 missing value, that is not yet filled in
9 missing value

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Contact

At DWD:

Institute: Datenservice des Deutschen Wetterdienstes

Website: Datenservice - Ansprechpartner

 

At ICDC:

Name: Annika Jahnke-Bornemann

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Data citation

Free climate station data for Germany, Deutscher Wetterdienst

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