SOPRAN UV/VIS Radiometer Measurements

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Datenzugriff via Filesystem: /data/icdc/atmosphere/sopran_uvvis_radiometer


Ground-based spectral solar radiance and irradiance measurements are important for i) validation of satellite measurements in the respective wavelength bands, as e.g. MODIS, and for ii) detailed studies about the temporal (diurnal, seasonal, interannual) variation of the shortwave radiation.

The Institute of Oceanography (IfM) of the University of Hamburg carried out ground-based spectral radiance and irradiance measurements at the research site Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory (CVAO) Humberto Duarte Fonseca from March 2008 through October 2015. The observatory is located at 16°51'50.43" N, 24°52'3.67'' W close to the village Calhau at the northeastern coast of the island Sao Vicente of the Capverde Islands. The distance of the observatory to the shore is about 50 m, the altitude of the observatory is about 10 m above m.s.l.

For the UV/VIS radiance measurements two hyperspectral UV-VIS radiance sensors are used (RAMSES-ARC from TriOS); one in a standard configuration and one equipped with a grey filter to enhance the intensity range. For the UV/VIS and UVA/UVB irradiance measurements a hyperspectral UV-VIS irradiance sensor (RAMSES-ACC-VIS) and UVA/UVB irradiance sensor (RAMSES-ACC-UV) are used (also both from TriOS). Measurements were carried out between 6:00 UTC and 22:00 UTC every day with 5 minute sampling. The wavelength range is 320 to 950 nm (280 to 500 nm for the UV sensor).

The SOPRAN RAMSES Radiometer  data set was included into the ICDC data base on March 24, 2016.

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Name Unit Sensor
Shortwave radiance (zenith) [320-950 nm] W/m² 81EB and 81F1
Shortwave irradiance [320-950 nm] W/m² 81E8
Shortwave irradiance [280-500 nm] W/m² 81F5

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Coverage, spatial and temporal resolution

Period and temporal resolution:

  • Data availability between 2008 through 2015 is illustrated in this pdf-document
  • Daily between 6:00 UTC and 22:00 UTC, every 5 minutes

Coverage and soatial resolution:

  • Local, Calhau, Cabo Verde
  • Spatial resolution: none, local measurement
  • Geographic longitude: 24° 52' 3.67'' W
  • Geographic latitude: 16° 51' 50.43" N
  • Dimension: 255 columns (wavelengths) x 193 rows (5-minutes time steps)
  • Altitudes (location itself is 10 m a.s.l.) 40 m


  • netCDF

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Data quality

The data set does not contain uncertainty estimates.

The data are direct measurements.

Therefore, most important are the specification of the radiometers - especially in terms of their spectral resolution and its uncertainty. For the sensors 81EB, 81E8, and 81F1, i.e. those operating over the wavelength range 320 nm through 950 nm, the spectral resolution is 3.3 nm with an uncertainty of 0.3 nm. For the UVA/UVB sensor 81F5 the spectral resolution is 2.2 nm with an uncertainty of 0.2 nm.

Since January 24 2012, sensor 81F1 is equipped with a greyfilter. Measurements with this sensor before this date and measurements of the other radiance sensor 81EB are not useful during times with the disc of the sun in the field-of-view of the sensor.

Sensor maintenance and repair caused gaps in the data --> here you find a graphical illustration of data availability.

In order to guarantee data which represent the entire diurnal cycle we omit data from those days where measurement gaps amount more than 2 hours; this data is not included in this data set.

We refer to the sensors' data sheets (see references) and to Mayk Fischer for more details about the data quality.

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Mayk Fischer
Institute of Oceanography, University of Hamburg
email: mayk.fischer (at) uni-hamburg.de
phone: +49-40-42838 7436

Detlef Stammer
Institute of Oceanography, University of Hamburg
email: detlef.stammer (at) uni-hamburg.de
phone: +49-40-42838 5052

Stefan Kern
ICDC / CEN / University of Hamburg
email: stefan.kern (at) uni-hamburg.de
phone: +49-40-42838-2415

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Data citation

Please cite the data as follows:

Gehlot S., Minnett, P. and Stammer, D.: Impact of Sahara dust on solar radiation at Cape Verde Islands derived from MODIS and surface measurements, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 166, 154-162, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.05.026, 2015;

RAMSES radiation data were obtained for period [YYYYMMDD - YYYYMMDD] in netCDF file format from Integrated Climate Data Center (ICDC, icdc.cen.uni-hamburg.de)

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