This data set contains the global land cover type derived from observations and products (Collection 6) of the MODIS sensors aboard both, TERRA and AQUA platforms - MCD12C1. Data of an entire year are used to come up with a high-quality annual composite of the land cover type according to the definition of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and, in addition, with respect to the LAI/FAPAR biome classification. According to the IGBP definition 17 land cover types are represented in this data set, 11 of which are natural vegetation, 3 of which are barren or without vegetation while the remaining 3 comprise a mixture of different types and/or artificial vegetation such as croplands. The LAI/FAPAR classification uses only 11 surface types. We did not include the data of the surface type classification after the University of Maryland (UMD) scheme because we found inconsistencies in the original data set and also found it it be very similar to the IGBP one.
These data sets are based on MODIS collection 6.0 data. The data is available for years 2001-2017 with annual resolution in netCDF file format. More information about the data sets is given in the Product User Guide and Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) under References.
Latest data set update at ICDC: December 7, 2018