In cooperation between the Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH), the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) and the University of Hamburg (UHH) a new climatological data product of hydrographical and atmospherical parameters in the Baltic and North Sea region was created based solely on in-situ data, the „Baltic and North Seas Climatology“(BNSC).
The cooperation was carried out within the framework of the Expertennetzwerk des Bundesministeriums für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur (BMVI). The request of the cooperation was: “Extension of the KLIWAS North Sea Climatology to the Baltic Sea”.
The aim of the joint project was on the one hand a spatial extension to the Baltic Sea of the reference data sets created in the course of the project “KLIWAS North Sea Climatology (KNSC)”. On the other hand, a temporal update was carried out: the atmospheric part of the data product covers the time period from 1950-2015; the hydrographical data product comprises the years 1873-2015.
The BNSC covers the area from 15°W to 30°E in longitude and 47°N to 66°N on latitude. The climatologies are based on a considerable amount of in-situ data of the Baltic, the North Sea and adjacent areas of the North Atlantic and consist of temporally averaged gridded fields of atmospheric and hydrographical parameters. The methods already developed for KNSC were improved for both the atmospheric and the hydrographical part.