This data set is only available for a restricted user group, please contact us if you want to access these data.
RESTRICTED only accessable in CEN/MPI net or via CliSAP login What does that mean?
Since 1967 the Meteorological Institute of the University of Hamburg operates a scientific, meteorological measuring site in Billwerder, a suburb of Hamburg, Germany. It is located on an area of the NDR (the North German Broadcasting Company, 53° 31′ 09.0″ N, 10° 06′ 10.3″ E) and consists of devices mounted at a 300 m tall broadcasting mast and a smaller 10 m tall mast owned by the MI nearby on a meadow. Additionally, several ground-based devices are installed outside the operator's hut beneath the tall mast. In 1994 completely new equipment was installed, and since 1995 measurements run almost continuously until today (data availability table (pdf, German)).
At the 300 m mast wind speed and direction, air temperature and humidity have been measured by several devices at altitudes of 10, 50, (70) 110, 175 and 250 m (since 2010 also 280 m) allowing atmospheric boundary layer studies. A list of measured and calculated values is given here (pdf, German). You get a detailed description about the data here (pdf, German).
Most of the sensors sample data every minute. We do not offer these original data. Available via ICDC are hourly and daily mean values. If you require data at finer temporal resolution please contact Ingo Lange or Felix Ament. You can learn more about the Hamburg weather mast and take a glimpse at the actually measured values if you click here.
Since 2015 you can get even more information via Wetternetz Hamburg(Facebook). Here you are informed about the Hamburg boundary layer measurement tower, the PATTERN rain radar and a measurement network for city climatology HUSCO.
Last update of data set at ICDC: January 14, 2021.
|P002||air pressure [2m]||hPa||1995|
|TT...||air temperature [2m, 10m, 50m, 70m, 110m, 175m, 250m,280m]||°C||1995|
|RH...||relative humidity [2m, 10m, 50m, 110m, 175m, 250m (280m)]||%||2004|
|DT...||dew point (calculated) [2m, 10m, 50m, 110m, 175m, 250m, 280m]||°C||2004|
|L||incident longwave radiation [10m]||W/m²||1995|
|G||global solar radiation (incident short-wave radiation) [10m]||W/m²||1995|
|GTM||duration of no sunshine||min||1996|
|GXM||theoretical sunshine duration||min||1995|
|RR||precipitation amount per time unit||mm||1997|
|RDM||duration of precipitation||min||2006|
|RTM||duration of no precipitation||min||2006|
|FF||wind speed [10m, 50m, 110m, 175m, 250m (280m)]||m/s||2000|
|FB||maximum gust [10m, 50m, 110m, 175m, 250m (280m)]||m/s||2004|
|FU||U-component of wind vector||m/s||2000|
|FV||V-component of wind vector||m/s||2000|
|DD||wind direction [10m, 50m, 110m, 175m, 250m (280m)]||°||2000|
|local albedo: 0,210|
|local emissitivity: 0,984|
Period and temporal resolution:
- Since year in table above to 12/2020
- Hourly, daily
Coverage and soatial resolution:
- Local, Hamburg-Billwerder
- Spatial resolution: none, vertical profiles
- Geographic longitude: 10° 06′ 10.3″ E
- Geographic latitude: 53° 31′ 09.0″ N
- Dimension: 1 column x 1 row x number of measurements vertically
- Altitudes (location itself is 0.3 m a.s.l.) 2 m, 10 m, 50 m, 70 m, 110 m, 175 m, 250 m, and 280 m
You can find detailed information about which parameter is available at which altitude here. This document also informs about sensors used and when major changes in sensor equipment have taken place.
The data set does not contain uncertainty estimates. The majority of the data are direct measurements anyways so that the accuracy of the sensors is more important in this context. The following list gives some information about the sensor accuracies:
- Temperature: Pt100-Platinum wire resistance thermometer, 0.1 K
- Relative humidity: Capacitive humidity sensor Vaisala HMP-45, 2-3 %
- Wind/Turbulence: 3D-Ultrasonic anemometer/-thermometer METEK USA-1, 0.1 m/s
- Air pressure: Pressure sensor Vaisala PTB-200A, 0.1 hPa
- Precipitation amount: Tipping bucket principle, 0.1 mm
- Precipitation duration: IR-light barrier drop counter IRSS-88, 5 drops / minute
- Incident short-wave radiation: Pyranometer Kipp+Zonen CMP21, 3 W/m²
- Incident long-wave radiation: (bis Sep. 2013 Eppley, danach K+Z CGR4),3 W/m²
- Surface temperature: IR-Radiometer Heitronics KT-19, about 1 K
Please contact Ingo Lange for more details.
Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg
email: felix.ament (at) uni-hamburg.de
phone: +49-40-41173 277
Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg
email: ingo.lange (at) uni-hamburg.de
phone: +49-40-42838 7810
ICDC / CEN / University of Hamburg
email: stefan.kern (at) uni-hamburg.de
- Homepage Hamburg Weather Mast
- Brümmer, B., I. Lange, and H. Konow, 2012: Atmospheric boundary layer measurements at the 280 m high Hamburg weather mast 1995-2011: mean annual and diurnal cycles. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 21, 319-335, doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2012/0338.
Lange, I., 2014, updated May 16, 2019: Wind- und Temperaturdaten vom Wettermast Hamburg des Meteorologischen Instituts der Universität Hamburg für den Zeitraum 2010 bis 2018, data obtained from ICDC, University of Hamburg, http://icdc.cen.uni-hamburg.de/weathermast_hamburg/